I was very fortunate to spend a few weeks taking part in the annual staff exchange program held between the NFSA and the George Eastman Museum, which is located in Rochester, New York State.
One of the highlights of my trip was seeing a presentation of the museum’s restoration work on Tod Browning’s film, Drifting (1923). This is an earlier Browning title (although he had been directing since 1915) and provides an insight into his development as a filmmaker, which would culminate in his two most well-known films: the 1931 adaptation of Dracula (starring Bela Lugosi) and, a year later, the unforgettable Freaks.
The screening I attended was presented especially for the staff of the museum. Film restoration can be a fragmented process, with different aspects being addressed independently. A screening such as this gives staff a chance to get for an overview of the project, as well as offering a reminder of the important work being carried out by the museum.
Drifting is an entertaining thriller, set in rural China and depicting a morally conflicted heroine involved in the opium trade. Much of the drama is derived from her alternating allegiances to the drug runners or law enforcement officers. The film stars Priscilla Dean, but is also notable for featuring Anna May Wong in an earlier film role. Wong had previously appeared in The Toll of The Sea, an important early Technicolor title (from 1922!), and would go on to become one of the first Asian-American Hollywood stars.
The story of this particular restoration stretches back to 1991, when the George Eastman Museum received an incomplete tinted nitrate copy of the film from the Czech Republic. As would be expected, all intertitles were in Czech and the first challenge was to translate these back into English.
This process was undertaken by a student of the L Jeffrey Selznick Film Preservation school, Zuzana Zabkova, in 2011 and a National Film Preservation Foundation grant resulted in a new film print produced using these newly translated title cards. Importantly, these cards display a small acknowledgment identifying their origin, which is unobtrusive to the viewing experience but prevents any confusion as to their provenance.