Endnotes for part three
88‘An Appreciation’, not dated, not signed, carbon copy of type-written manuscript. Franklyn Barrett Collection: The Ten Commandments Tour: Assorted Papers, NFSA: 763988.
89Everyones, 17 June 1925, p 10.
90Advertisement for Tivoli Theatre, Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton), 1 July 1925, p 2.
91‘Oldest Movie Man: Manager of the Capitol: Future Policy Announced’, Canberra Times, 15 November 1927, p 1.
92‘Franklyn Barrett Filmed Kings – When Magnates Were Migrants’, 1953, The Showman, July in Franklyn Barrett: ‘Press Book’, c1906-1987, NFSA: 755785-001 / RDP001536.
93Charles Musser, 2004, ‘Historiographic Method and the Study of Early Cinema’, Cinema Journal, Vol. 44, No. 1, p 106.
94Australian research projects investigating regional filmgoing and exhibition include two funded by Discovery Grants awarded by the Australian Research Council (ARC):
Kate Bowles, Richard Maltby, Deb Verhoeven and Mike Walsh: ‘Regional Markets and Local Audiences: A History of Australian Cinema Consumption’;
Colin Arrowsmith, Kate Bowles, Richard Maltby, Jill Julius Matthews, Deb Verhoeven and Mike Walsh: ‘Mapping the Movies: The Changing Nature of Australia’s Cinema Circuits and their Audiences 1956-1984’.
Other research in this area includes:
Julie James Bailey, 1997, ‘Independent Film Exhibition: Country Queensland from the 1930s to the 1960s’, Media International Australia, No. 85, pp 110-115.
Ina Bertrand, 2006, ‘“Bring[ing] Family Life into Theatres”: The Drive-Ins of Western Australia’, Screening the Past, latrobe.edu.au/screeningthepast/19/drive-ins-WA.html, viewed June 8 2011;
Kate Bowles, 2007, ‘“Three Miles of Rough Dirt Road”: Towards an Audience-Centred Approach to Cinema Studies in Australia’, Studies in Australasian Cinema, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp 245-260.
Kevin Cork, 1995, ‘Cinema as “Place”: The Case of the Picture Theatres in a Group of Towns and Villages in the Central West of New South Wales’, People and Physical Environment Research, No. 49, pp 34-49.
Deb Verhoeven, 2007, ‘Twice Born: Dionysos Films and the Establishment of a Greek Film Circuit in Australia’, Studies in Australasian Cinema, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp 275-298.
Dylan Walker, 2007, ‘Rural Cinema Audiences in South Australia in the 1930s’, Studies in Australasian Cinema, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp 353-375.
Mike Walsh, 2007, ‘Cinema in a Small State: Distribution and Exhibition in Adelaide at the Coming of Sound’, Studies in Australasian Cinema, Vol. 1, No. 3, pp 299-313.
Anne H Wilson, 2006, ‘Modernity and the Film Exhibition Industry in Gippsland: The Glover Family Business 1926-1973’, Senses of Cinema, No. 41, http://www.sensesofcinema.com/2006/41/modernity-gippsland-glover/, viewed June 8 2011.
95Australian Government, 1927, Commonwealth of Australia: Royal Commission on the Moving Picture Industry: Minutes of Evidence, Canberra: Government Printer. Witness: Thomas Farnell, p 302. St Lawrence is a small coastal settlement north of Rockhampton.
96Australian Government, 1927, Commonwealth of Australia: Royal Commission on the Moving Picture Industry: Minutes of Evidence, Canberra: Government Printer. Witness: Patrick English, p 296.
97More research in regional newspapers is still to be undertaken in publications that are not yet available online through the National Library of Australia’s Trove Digitised Newspapers. This research may reveal greater discussion of the prologue.
98Sumiko Higashi, 1996, ‘Antimodernism as Historical Representation in a Consumer Culture: Cecil B DeMille’s The Ten Commandments, 1923, 1956, 1993’, in Vivian Sobchack (ed.), The Persistence of History: Cinema, Television, and the Modern Event, New York: Routledge, pp 97-98. See also Lary May, 1983, Screening out the Past: The Birth of Mass Culture and the Motion Picture Industry, Chicago: University of Chicago Press (first pub. 1980).
99Australian Government, 1927, Commonwealth of Australia: Royal Commission on the Moving Picture Industry: Minutes of Evidence, Canberra: Government Printer. Witness: Charles Griffiths, p 242.
100Robert Dixon, 2001, Prosthetic Gods: Travel, Representation, and Colonial Governance, St Lucia: University of Queensland Press, p 24.
101Dixon, p 31.
102‘City Health: Dirty Restaurant Premises: Boarding House Registration’, Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton), 22 January 1925, p 12.
103‘Mossman’, Brisbane Courier, 23 March 1925, p 7.
104Julie James Bailey, 1997, ‘Independent Film Exhibition: Country Queensland from the 1930s to the 1960s’, Media International Australia, No. 85, p 110.
105For instance, Innisfail’s notorious Chinatown was described as ‘that smelful quarter … a veritable social sore’ (‘Disturbance by Malays’, Cairns Post, 14 December 1925, p 4). ‘Mohammadan’ Malayans and Indigenous residents lived right on the sea in Malaytown in Cairns (Mary Guthrie, ‘Sugarlands: A Romance of North Queensland Chapter X’, Queenslander, 18 October 1924, p 43; ‘A Cairns Charge’, Cairns Post, 23 December 1925, p 5). In 1883, WK Higson, successful Queensland Legislative Assembly candidate for Rockhampton, addressed a meeting at the Rockhampton School of Arts. He commented on Kanaka Town in North Rockhampton: ‘A race was growing up alongside their own children and what would the people of this colony become but a mixed race. (A voice: Piebalds.)’ (‘Representation of Rockhampton’, Morning Bulletin, 14 August 1883, p 2).
106‘Sunday Night Pictures’, Cairns Post, 9 November 1925, p 4.
107‘Sunday Picture Shows’, Cairns Post, 17 January 1925, p 4.
108Advertisement for Paramount Pictures, Brisbane Courier, 31 October 1925, p 3.
109Morning Bulletin (Rockhampton), 17 March 1925, p 11.
110Gregory A Waller, 2005, ‘Imagining and Promoting the Small-Town Theater’, Cinema Journal, Vol. 44, No. 3, p 15.