The making of inanimate objects appear mobile by the rapid display of still images – each only slightly different from the preceding image – to give the appearance of movement to the viewer.

This can be done by exposing one or two frames of movie film and then moving the objects slightly and exposing one or more frames, etc. When the film is projected at the normal speed, the objects will appear to have moved by themselves. Often historically produced on an Animation Camera or Rostrum Stand.

Animation Camera

A motion picture camera with special capability for animation work, that usually includes frame and footage counters, the ability to expose a single frame at a time, reverse filming capability, and parallex-free viewing.