Moulin Rouge!: Love

Moulin Rouge!: Love
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Satine (Nicole Kidman) tells Christian (Ewan McGregor) she cannot afford to fall in love. Christian believes that love is everything.

Moulin Rouge! uses songs from many different eras to convey its messages about love and give the film a timeless quality. This scene perfectly encapsulates the film's central dramatic conflict and illustrates Luhrmann's unique use of popular music to propel the story. When the two lead characters exchange snippets of lyrics to argue the case for their meaning of 'love', it compels audiences to suspend reality in what is a fantasy love story.

The scene incorporates lines from (or adaptations of) 'Love is Like Oxygen’ (1978) by 70s glam rockers Sweet, 'Love is a Many-Splendored Thing’ (1955), 'Up Where We Belong’ (from An Officer and a Gentleman, 1982), 'All You Need is Love’ (1967) by The Beatles, 'I Was Made For Lovin’ You’ (1979) by Kiss, 'One More Night’ (1985) by Phil Collins, U2’s 'Pride (In the Name of Love)’ (1984) and 'Don’t Leave Me This Way’ (1975). Ewan McGregor and Nicole Kidman performed their own singing in Moulin Rouge.

Moulin Rouge! synopsis

English writer Christian (Ewan McGregor) recalls his tumultuous experiences at the Moulin Rouge nightclub in Montmartre. Arriving in 1899 to be inspired by the bohemian atmosphere in the Parisian locality, Christian falls under the spell of the Moulin Rouge’s star attraction, Satine (Nicole Kidman), a beautiful courtesan who is secretly dying of consumption. With the help of painter and playwright Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec (John Leguizamo), Christian finds himself in Satine’s apartment but his happiness is short-lived. Satine has mistaken him for the Duke (Richard Roxburgh), a rich man who wants 'exclusive rights’ to Satine in exchange for financial backing that will allow Moulin Rouge impresario Zidler (Jim Broadbent) to convert the nightclub into a modern theatre. With the Duke’s funding forthcoming, Christian is commissioned to write for the revamped Moulin Rouge’s opening night attraction. During rehearsals Satine’s symptoms become worse. Aware that she does not have long to live, she vows to spend every remaining moment with Christian.

Moulin Rouge! curator's notes

Described by director Baz Luhrmann as a 'comic tragic opera’, Moulin Rouge! is a tour de force of imagination and appropriation. Where else are you going to hear disco classic 'Don’t Leave Me This Way’ (1975) and U2’s 'Pride (In the Name of Love)’ sung on a Paris rooftop in 1899 in a love story combining elements of Alexandre Dumas’s La Dame aux Camélias (1848) and Verdi’s opera La Traviata (1853) that’s loaded with song and dance numbers inspired by everything from 1930s RKO and Warner Bros musicals to Fox and MGM colour classics from the 1950s and the Bollywood extravaganzas of today?

An Australia-US co-production filmed entirely at Fox Studios in Sydney (with minor shooting on a Madrid soundstage), Moulin Rouge! was a risky venture for director Baz Luhrmann. Australia had virtually no history of musicals – Gillian Armstrong’s Starstruck (1982) is a rare exception – and the movie musical itself had not enjoyed much worldwide popularity since the late 1960s. Particularly out of favour were musicals in which song lyrics advance the plot, as they do in Moulin Rouge!.

Just as he had made Shakespeare appealing to a large and predominantly young audience with his version of Romeo + Juliet (1996), Luhrmann made Moulin Rouge! relevant to modern audiences by packing the soundtrack with pop songs and adopting a hyperkinetic approach to filming and shooting. One of the best examples of this postmodern take on an old-fashioned form of cinema is the entrance of Satine. The sequence begins with the look of a 1930s musical that Busby Berkeley might have choreographed. Satine then launches into a song that combines the 1940s show tune 'Diamonds Are a Girl’s Best Friend’ (1949) with Madonna’s 1985 hit 'Material Girl’ – the music video of which famously imitated Marilyn Monroe’s performance of 'Diamonds Are a Girl’s Best Friend’ in the 1953 movie musical Gentlemen Prefer Blondes.

An entire thesis could be written about the references and borrowing that goes on visually and musically in Moulin Rouge! but what matters most of all is the sheer exuberance of the enterprise. It bursts with life and a great deal of humour – silent-era slapstick, 1930s screwball comedy and 60s sex-farce hijinks abound – while playing out the tragic tale of a dying beauty and the man who loved her with the kindest heart of all her admirers. With cast members performing their own vocals and throwing themselves marvellously into the 'anything and everything goes’ spirit of the production (Jim Broadbent and John Leguizamo are dynamite in against type roles), Moulin Rouge! is a giddy entertainment that revels in its occasional vulgarity – the Moulin Rouge is the home of the naughty cancan dance, after all.

The contributions of production designer Catherine Martin, choreographer John O’Connell, costume designers Angus Strathie and Catherine Martin, director of photography Donald M McAlpine and editor Jill Bilcock cannot be underestimated. Most of this team worked with Luhrmann on Romeo + Juliet (1996) and again provided a stunning realisation of the director’s vision.

Chosen to open the 2001 Cannes Film Festival, Moulin Rouge! was a major hit, accumulating more than $US 170 million worldwide and earning 8 Oscar nominations including Best Picture and Best Actress (Nicole Kidman). It won the Oscars for Best Art Direction-Set Decoration (Catherine Martin, art director; Brigitte Brock, set decorator) and Best Costume Design (Catherine Martin and Angus Strathie). The success of Moulin Rouge! also helped revive the movie musical, with Chicago (2002) and The Producers (2005) among those that followed. If ever a movie deserved to include an exclamation mark in its title, Moulin Rouge! is it.

Moulin Rouge! was released in Australian cinemas on 24 May 2001.

Notes by Richard Kuipers

Education notes

This clip shows Christian, a love-struck writer, stealing a private moment with Satine, a courtesan, on the rooftops of the Moulin Rouge to convince her of the power of love. To counter Satine’s belief that she cannot afford to fall in love with him, Christian speaks and sings lines from popular love songs. The lyrics, and Satine’s more pragmatic responses, create a variously paced musical score. Christian’s passion for Satine is obvious, as is her reluctance to risk her livelihood by falling for a penniless writer.

Educational value points

  • This clip exemplifies how Luhrmann uses song lyrics to drive the story of Christian’s (Ewan McGregor) profound and ultimately tragic love for Satine (Nicole Kidman). Christian declares his feelings using the words of songs from different eras and genres and Satine sings her answers. The song lyrics support Christian’s romanticism, but Satine’s pragmatic responses reveal how, as a courtesan who is financially dependent on her lover, she has a different view of love.
  • A common theme in literature is that of ill-fated lovers who are doomed by tragic circumstances never to be together. Despite Christian’s idealism and his belief that 'all you need is love’ and 'love is like oxygen’, in Satine’s world, corruption, exploitation and poverty work against the purity of love. In declaring his love for Satine, Christian is unaware that his time with her will be cut short by her untimely death.
  • All musicals use songs and a musical score to tell a story. However, this clip illustrates how Luhrmann has created an innovative and contemporary interpretation of the genre. While retaining the essence of the musical, Luhrmann combines elements of opera, popular music from different eras, cabaret, Broadway, Hollywood and Bollywood to fuse different times and to depict the exuberance, intrigue and seediness of the fantastical world of the Moulin Rouge.
  • Various film elements contribute to the drama and fantasy of Moulin Rouge!. In the clip, lighting creates the night-world the characters inhabit, with contrasts made between the red lights synonymous with Satine’s life as a courtesan and the white lights that represent the purity of Christian’s love. The Bollywood-like set features a curtain-framed sedan chair atop a sculpture of a large elephant, around which Christian chases Satine, reciting song lyrics.
  • This clip illustrates the intertextuality that is an intrinsic element of Moulin Rouge!. The film draws on operatic tragedies such as La Traviata, in which Violetta, a young courtesan, is in love with Alfred, a nobleman. Violetta is dependent upon the Baron, her benefactor, and like Satine she dies of tuberculosis. Similarly, in La Boheme a Bohemian poet, Rodolfo, is in love with Mimi, who dies in his arms. The legend of Orpheus informs Christian’s descent into the underworld.

Education notes provided by The Learning Federation and Education Services Australia

Production company:
Bazmark Films
Baz Luhrmann, Martin Brown
Baz Luhrmann
Craig Pearce, Baz Luhrmann
Craig Armstrong
Nicole Kidman, Ewan McGregor, John Leguizamo, Jim Broadbent, Richard Roxburgh, Garry McDonald, Jacek Koman, Matthew Whittet, Kerry Walker