Maranoa Lullaby by Harold Blair

Maranoa Lullaby by Harold Blair
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Harold Blair sings 'Maranoa Lullaby’ on an unreleased recording from 1950.

Summary by Brenda Gifford

Harold Blair

There is an unfortunate audible hiss on this recording, which is one of two unreleased songs on a lacquer disc donated to the National Film and Sound Archive by Dorothy Blair (Harold’s widow). It is a lullaby with a soothing melody and lyrics gently crooned by Blair, a classically trained singer. The track has a simple piano backing.

It is perhaps an early version of a five-song EP Blair recorded in 1950. A notation describes five traditional 'Australian Aboriginal Songs: Melodies, Rhythms and Words Truly and Authentically Aboriginal’. Dr HO Lethbridge, whose family owned the Maranoa Station in Queensland, introduced the songs to Arthur Steadman Loam (1898–1976). Loam was an itinerant British composer who subsequently arranged the songs for voices and keyboard.

The melody figures prominently in the music of Peter Sculthorpe, notably in the Canticle section of his 2004 choral ‘Requiem’.


Maranoa Lullaby synopsis

Born in 1924 in Queensland, Harold Blair developed a fine tenor voice singing in the cane-fields and local concerts. 'Maranoa Lullaby’ is one of several songs he recorded in 1950, arranged for voices and keyboard by British composer Arthur Loam who had met the owner of the Maranoa Station in Queensland.


Curator’s notes

Harold Blair was the first Aboriginal Australian to achieve recognition as a classical singer. This recording is one of two unreleased songs on a lacquer disc donated to the National Film and Sound Archive by his widow Dorothy.

Harold Blair was born in 1924 at Cherbourg Aboriginal Reserve, near Murgon, Queensland. Soon after his birth, he was transferred to the Purga Mission near Ipswich. He sang at local concerts and in the cane-fields where he worked. He later won a place at the Conservatorium of Music in Melbourne, graduating in 1949.

He performed on ABC concert tours around Australia from 1949–51 and appeared in several stage productions. In addition to his achievements as singer and music teacher, he studied in New York for a period, before returning to be with his wife. Some said his voice was never the same after his return, but he continued to sing and perform for the rest of his life.

While in America he was awakened more fully to the plight of his people and made many social contributions that improved conditions for Indigenous people around Australia, although his approach and some of his attitudes differed from other Aboriginal activists of the time. In 1964 he ran as a Labor candidate for the seat of Mentone, but lost to the sitting member. In 1967 he taught music for the Victorian Education Department. He died in Melbourne in 1976.

Notes by Brenda Gifford