Since it fluttered above a group of rebellious gold miners at the 1854 Eureka Stockade, the flag of the Southern Cross has become a symbol of democracy and defiance. Now carefully preserved at the Art Gallery of Ballarat in Victoria, the flag, and the National Heritage-listed Eureka Stockade Gardens, remain potent symbols of Australia’s only revolution – a battle that was over in less than half an hour and claimed 38 lives. Whether the revolution is interpreted as the birth of Australian democracy or a middle-class tax revolt, it was without doubt a defining moment in Australia’s history.
|Here's what Chris says in the video (PDF)|
|Download this video from the Digital Resource Finder|
- At 30 shillings per month (the equivalent of three dollars per month in Australian decimal currency), the miners licence on the Ballarat goldfields of 1854 was twice the average weekly wage.
- The battle of the Eureka Stockade on 3 December 1854 lasted less than half an hour, but it claimed 38 lives – 33 miners and five soldiers.
Click here to test your knowledge on the Eureka Flag
- The Eureka flag was sewn in silk by three women and first hoisted at Bakery Hill in 1854.
- Eureka Oath of Allegiance: "We swear by the Southern Cross to stand truly by each other and fight to defend our rights and liberties”.
- Eureka Stockade Gardens - Victoria